New article on challenging AEDPA "deference"

James S. Liebman and Anthony Amsterdam have authored a new article discussing the potential implications of the Supreme Court's recent opinion overruling deference to certain federal agency decisions.  The article is loper_bright_and_the_great_writ.pdf: Will the New Constitutionalists End "Treason to the Constitution," Restore the Judicial Power, and Make the Law of the Land Supreme Again?  The abstract of the article reads:

     Chevron deference is dead. The Court’s forty-year, seventy-decision experiment with Article-III-court deference to “reasonable” agency interpretations of ambiguous federal statutes failed, killed in part by concern that it unduly curbed “the judicial Power” to enforce the rule of law in the face of politics, partisanship, and mission-driven agency decisionmaking. “AEDPA deference” lives. The Court’s twenty-five year, seventy-two decision experiment with Article-III-court deference to “reasonable” state-court interpretations of the Constitution under the 1996 Antiterrorism and Effective Death Penalty Act continues to relegate criminal defendants to prison or death, notwithstanding federal habeas judges’ independent judgment that the state courts have misread or misapplied the federal Constitution in adjudicating these defendants’ claims.

     How can this be? Only if state judges have more authority to make constitutional law by which federal judges may be bound than federal agencies have to make sub-constitutional law by which federal judges may be bound.

     This is obviously wrong. Federal agencies are creatures of Congress to which it may appropriately delegate some of its power to make the law that federal courts then are duty-bound to apply. Neither Congress nor any other authority save the American people by amendment may delegate the making of constitutional law.

     Constitutional text and history make the wrongness even clearer. The Framers wrote the Constitution precisely to quell the “violence of faction” that the States exhibited under the Articles of Confederation. They understood faction to produce “improper Verdicts in State tribunals obtained under the biassed directions of a dependent Judge, or the local prejudices of an undirected jury.” So the Framers resolved to bind “the judges in every State” to treat the Constitution as the supreme Law of the Land; and the Framers gave federal judges—protected by life tenure and irreducible salaries—“the judicial Power” to neutralize factious state-court decisions by exercising independent judgment whenever Congress gave them jurisdiction to review those decisions. Congress, for its part, has always mandated federal-court as-of-right review of state custody on either writ of error (1789-1914) and/or habeas corpus (1867-today). And throughout more than two-and-a-third centuries, the Supreme Court has issued one federal-courts classic opinion after another, characterizing deference to Congress’ or state courts’ reasonable-but-wrong constitutional judgments as “treason to the Constitution.”

     The New Constitutionalists successfully challenged Chevron under the banner of reasserting the rule of law to protect “small” businesses and “the citizenry” against politics and special interests. The test of their bona fides is whether they will take the same course in cases of individuals criminally sentenced to imprisonment or execution through “improper Verdicts in State tribunals obtained under the biassed directions of a dependent Judge, or the local prejudices of an undirected jury.”